(Урок по английскому языку 9-й класс)
учитель английского языка
МБОУ СОШ № 1 г.Ессентуки
Образовательная: отрабатывать фонетические навыки на конкретных примерах; понимать иностранную речь в игровых ситуациях.
Развивающая: развивать умение применения полученных знаний в конкретной обстановке.
Воспитательная: прививать интерес к культуре, традициям, достопримечательностям англоязычных стран; воспитывать умение работать в коллективе (группе).
Оборудование: карта Великобритании и Северной Ирландии, флаги и эмблемы стран королевства, карта Лондона, карточки для викторины, карточки с лексикой для разминки, тестовый материал, видеофильм, аудиокассета (песня на англ. языке)
I. Opганизационный момент
2. Сообщение правил игры.
3. Каждая команда сдает проект по стране изучаемого языка (Северной Ирландии, Шотландии, Уэльсу).
4. Урок ведется на материале: The UK and the capital of the UK (London).
Teacher: Today we shall not read texts or learn dialogues. Today we shall do role-plays. During the year I’ve been trying to inspire you with the idea of visiting English-speaking countries. So now imagine that you’re a group of Russian school children going to London. I hope that we’ll enjoy our trip to London.
II. Фонетическая разминка
Form as many names of the towns and cities of Great Britain using the following word-parts (слайды 1-2).
Пока команды готовят материал, болельщики отвечают на вопросы (слайды 4-12).
(Домашнее задание: поиск дополнительной информации по вопросу, который понравился учащимся – по истории, географии, культуре, и т. д.)
Дети рассказывают о фактах, событиях, которые им интересны, начиная со слов: “I’d like to tell you about... Этот вид работы называется “Обзорная панорама”.
(по две карточки в каждой теме) + черный ящик. (см. приложение 4)
V. Путешествие по Лондону
Teacher: And now imagine, my dear children, we are going on an excursion round London. (Показывает достопримечательности Лондона – картинки на доске.) Name these sights and say a few words about them.
(Правильное название – 1 балл)
(по 3 вопроса каждой команде) (см. приложение 6)
VII. Подведение итогов
а. Анализ работы учащихся на уроке
b. Выставление оценок
Тecт для болельщиков
Choose the correct variant:
1. The capital of Britain is... (Glasgow, London, Ottawa)
2. Britain is a... (monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary monarchy)
3. St. Paul’s Cathedral is the city’s greatest monument and Wren’s masterpiece. It is situated in... (Manchester, London, Oxford)
4. Stratford-upon-Avon is the birthplace of the great English poet and writer. He was... (Ch. Dickens, B. Shaw, W. Shakespeare)
5. The biggest bell in Britain is... (the Great Bell, the Clock Bell, Big Ben)
6. Jerome K. Jerome wrote his famous book... (Pygmalion, The Pickwick Сlub, Three Men in a Boat)
7. Who was an English naval captain and explorer? (J. Cook, Ch. Columbus, M. Polo)
8. There are many important parts of London. The oldest part of London is... (the East End, the City, the West End)
9. Walter Scott, the famous writer of historical novels, lived and worked in... (Wales, England, Scotland)
1. London; 2. parliamentary monarchy; 3. London; 4. W. Shakespeare; 5. Big Ben; 6. Three Men in a Boat; 7. James Cook; 8. the City; 9. Scotland
a. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the UK) occupies most of the territory of the British Isles. It consists of four main parts, which are England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.
b. The UK is the official name of the state which is sometimes referred to as Great Britain or Britain (after its major island), England (after its major historic part) or British Isles. But there is one more name: Albion. Two thousand years ago in the year BC 55, Julius Caesar struggling forward on his galley to the unknown land saw white cliffs. “The land behind them must be white too. We shall call it Albion,” said he. “Alba” in Latin means white, and the name Albion remains to this day.
a. The population of the UK is nearly 59 million people. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and their suburbs. Four out of every five people live in towns. The population has remained relatively stable but has aged.
b. English isn’t the only language people use in the UK, but English is the official language. Besides standard literary English there are many regional and social dialects. A well-known example is the Cockney of East Londoners.
a. Once the British Empire included a large number of countries all over the world ruled by Britain. The process of decolonisation began in 1947 with the independence of India, Pakistan and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). But the U.K. tried not to lose influence over its former colonies. An association of former members of the British Empire and Britain was founded in 1949. It’s called the Commonwealth. It included many countries, such as Ireland, the Sudan, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and others. Though the Queen of Great Britain is the Head of the Commonwealth she isn’t the Queen of these countries, as many people wrongly think.
a. On her birthday on April 21 Queen Elizabeth II rarely takes time off from her busy schedule but treats it as a normal working day. Usually, each year the Queen, and other members of the Royal Family, undertake more than 2,500 visits to many parts of the UK. Hundreds of invitations to celebrations, official openings and other special events are sent by organizations to Buckingham Palace every year and these are carefully sifted by the Queen’s private secretaries to ensure her programme of engagements covers many different regions of the UK.
a. Oxford and Cambridge are the two oldest and most prestigious universities in Great Britain. They are often called collectively “Oxbridge”. Both Universities are independent. Most of their students have graduated from public schools.
b. The Universities aren’t only for men. In Oxford there are now twenty-five colleges for men, five for women and another five which have both men and women students. Cambridge University was only for men until 1871. Many great men studied at Cambridge, among them Roger Bacon, the philosopher; Oliver Cromwell, the soldier; Newton, the scientist; and Kapitza, the famous Russian physicist.
1. William Wordsworth, a popular English poet wrote a poem about flowers which bloom in valleys. There are a lot of such flowers in this country and in the Lake District.
2. The flower is the emblem of one of the countries of the UK. Name the country and the flower. (Wales, daffodil)
1. Give the name which is proper both for a mountain pony and for one of the islands of Scotland.
2. In the plural it means a mountainous area of that country. (Highland)
1. It is a national team sport game. It takes place on a grassy field. Its aim is to hit the wicket of the opposite team with a battle ball. The players of the other team have to return the ball with a bat as far as they can in order to score points.
2. This word also means the name of a small, green insect. (Cricket)
1. The one hundredth anniversary of this game was celebrated in 1963, but the game is really much older. Originally, the ball game didn’t take place in stadiums, but on village squares, and in the streets. This was dangerous for windows and gates.
2. One sort of coffee is also named after one of the most famous players of this game. (Football)
There are a lot of museums, galleries, and exhibitions in London. One of them was opened in 1824. It is situated on Trafalgar Square and it contains the greatest collection of fine arts. There one can see masterpieces of famous painters, especially British ones. (The National Gallery)
1. Name the garden not far from Hyde Park. There you can see the memorial to Queen Victoria’s husband. It was built in the years 1863–1876.
2. In that garden one can see the statue of Peter Pan. (Kensington Garden)
1. It is a very famous theatre. First it was a wooden square surrounded with a fence. it burned down, then it was rebuilt of stone. It existed from 1599–1644.
2. Shakespeare, a famous English poet and playwright wrote for it and staged plays there. (Globe Theatre)
1. The British are fond of flowers. Every year in May they organize a special exhibition of flowers in this district in the Western Part of London.
2. This is also the name of a popular London football club. What is the name of the district? (Chelsea)
V. BLACK BOX
1. It is an island in the Pacific Ocean.
2. It is the name of a chocolate bar with coconut filling.
3. And it is a prize (the benefit) for army of volunteers. It is here in the Black box. (Bounty)
1. It’s a type of British car which was produced from 1900–1925.
2. A washing powder which is very popular, has the same name. The washing powder is a product of the Procter & Gamble Company.
3. It is a mermaid in the sea. (Ariel)
Look at the picture.
Is it in America or in Britain? How do you know? (America)
You must guess what is in the envelope with the help of the following:
There are two kinds of them in London. You must buy a ticket and get on to ride. It is red and has one or two decks. (Double-deckers and regular buses.)
Trafalgar Square is in the centre of London. It was built in 1828. In the middle of Trafalgar Square is Nelson’s Column. Admiral Nelson defeated the French at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. From that time English men wear black ties.
This Column is fifty meters high. A lot of demonstrations and public meetings take place here. It’s a famous square where on New Year’s Eve people gather to celebrate.
The National Gallery. The whole of the north side of Trafalgar Square is dominated by the National Gallery. It houses one of the finest art collections in the world. It includes paintings from Britain, Italian, Spanish, French, Dutch, Flemish and other famous schools. It has a priceless collection of paintings by the famous artists Van Gogh, Rubens, Constable and many others.
The Tower of London is a very old building – nine hundred years old. In the early days of England the British (English) kings lived in the Tower. Then it was a prison where many people died. Black ravens had much food near the walls оf the Tower in those days.
Now it’s a museum housing the National Collection of Armour and Royal Regalia. Many tourists from other countries come to see it. They see the dark stone halls with small windows and thick doors. The Tower is still guarded by the famous Beefeaters who wear a traditional Sixteenth century uniform.
Tower Bridge was opened in 1894. It takes its name from the Tower of London. The huge mechanism can raise and lower the bridge in about one and a half minutes.
The covered walkway between the two towers is open to the public and offers a spectacular view of London.
St. Paul’s Cathedral is the city’s greatest monument. It was built by Sir Christopher Wren in 1675–1710, to replace the old Cathedral that was destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. The Cathedral is second in size only to St. Peter’s in Rome.
Between the two west towers rises the famous dome. It’s 365 feet high and beneath it is the celebrated “Whispering Gallery”. Wren is buried there, also Wellington and Nelson.
Buckingham Palace is an official residence of the Queen and her family. It isn’t open to the public.
When the Queen is in residence the Royal Standard flies over the east front of Buckingham Palace. It has 600 rooms, a swimming pool, a cinema, a ballroom, and a garden, which is like a private park.
In summer the Queen gives three garden parties for about 9,000 guests. The ceremony of the Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace is a great tourist attraction. It takes place daily at 11.30 a.m. and lasts half an hour. To the sound of music, the guardsmen arrive and pass the palace keys to another group.
Westminster Abbey is a symbol of English tradition at its best. The coronation of nearly all English kings and queens since William the Conqueror has taken place here. Many of them are buried within the Abbey. There are also the graves of famous poets, writers, and statesmen. Here you can see memorials to Newton, Darwin, Dickens, Chaucer and others.
The Houses of Parliament. It was once a royal palace. Now it’s the seat of Government. In 1834 it was destroyed by fire. The new building was built in 1852. It contains 500 apartments.
Among them are the Central Hall, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons. When the House is in session a Union Jack flies over the Tower by day, and a light burns in the clock Tower, or Big Ben by night.
The people of London can hear the sound of the bell every hour.
The Thames isn’t a long river. It’s three hundred and thirty kilometres long and it flows into the sea. The English people call it “The father of London”. London began on the Thames. There is a museum of old ships on the Thames. These ships are from the history of Great Britain. One of them is the “Discovery” which went to the South Pole from 1901–1904. If we go down the Thames we pass the Port of London and arrive in Greenwich – a very old town. We can see the place where the Greenwich Meridian passes.
Quiz “Do you know Britain?”
1. The UK is an island country. But is has a land border as well. What country does it border on? (The Irish Republic)
2. What is the highest mountain in the British Isles called? (Ben Nevis)
3. What are the Highlands like? (massive, rounded hills in Northern Scotland)
4. What is the name of the Scottish lake where some think a Monster lives? (Loch Ness)
5. Who sat at the famous Round Table? (King Arthur and his knights)
6. What English pop group is famous all over the world? Where is it from? (The “Beatles”, Liverpool)
7. What sport(s) originated in Britain? (football, golf, tennis, boxing)
8. Who is the head of the UK? (Queen Elizabeth II)
9. What is another name for The Houses of Parliament in London? (Westminster Palace)
10. Who was the first woman Prime Minister in Britain? (Margaret Thatcher)
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