1.Развивать навыки аудирования и навыки монологической речи.
2.Обобщить полученные знания по теме .
1.Развитие памяти, способности излагать логически.
2.Развитие речевых, творческих способностей.
1.Развивать познавательный интерес к этапам исследования космоса.
2.Воспитывать гордость за свою страну за успехи в области развития ракетостроения.
1.Активизация и расширение лексического запаса.
2. Формирование и развитие навыков монологической речи
По содержанию: урок применение полученных знаний.
По форме: урок –беседа.
Сообщения учащихся сопровождаются мультимедийной презентацией, подготовленной учениками и учителем.
Teacher: Hello, my dear friends.Today we are going to speak about space and about cosmonauts. Our country is proud of the achievments of soviet scientists in the field of space exploration. We ‘ll remember the first crew of cosmonauts,the Chief Desiner and their contribution in science. You will see that we are really the first in the world.
We’ll begin with the revision of some words and phrases.Your task is to match the given words with their Russian equivalents.
5.to fly (flew) into space a) исследовать вселенную
1.space b) генеральный конструктор
3.to launch , to be launched c) одноместный
4.to carry d) вокруг Земли
5.to fly (flew) into space e) проводить
6.to spend(spent) f) соревноваться с
7. spaceship, spacecraft g) космическая эра
8.single-seat h) космическое исследование
9.Chief Designer i) искусственный спутник
10.to compete with j) запускать
11.explore the universe k) нести
12.around the Earth l) стыковаться
13.space age m) космический корабль
14.to dock n)полететь в космос
People always wanted to fly to stars. They dreamed of reaching other planets. For generations people told legends and myths of men soaring like birds and fairy-tales about flying carpets.But only in the 20-th century the dreams of space flights have come true. From the begining of space age, both the Soviet Union and the United States were active in the exploration of solar system.Both countries had their own spase programmes, competing with each other.Today we are going to speak about space reserches of our country.Soviet scientists, designers,researchers were the first in space exploration, had great success in space-rocket engineering.now let’s....
What event opened the new era in the history of mankind? What do you know about it?
The launching of the first artificial satellite on the 4-th of October,1957 opened a new era of space explorations. The Russians were the 1st in the world to fly into outer space.This sattelite was only 53 cm in diameter, and carried a simple radio transmitter. The transmitter allowed scientists to track Sputnik as it orbited the Earth.Soviet people were overjoyed when they heared the signals of Sputnik broadcast on the radio all over the world.
I know, that Sputnik 2 was launched on November 3, 1957 and carried the first living passenger, a dog named Laika .On August 19 in1960 dogs Belka and Strelka flew into space. There also were other living beings: 40 mice,2 rats and variety of plants on board. The spacecraft returned back to earth the next day with all the animals.The flight of Belka and Strelka was a memorable event in thr history of space exploration. It proved, that living beings could survive in space.
Teacher: These successful flights of animals let the designers launch a manned spaceship into space. People 3 will tell us about Gagarin’s flight into space.
A real breakthrough in space exploration was the beginning of manned space flights.On April 12, 1961 Yuri Gagarin flew into space and spent 108 minutes there.It was one of the greatest events of the 20th century.It was Vostok 1,a single-seat spacecraft, that carried Gagarin into space. Again the Russians were the first. Since that time no one has doubted Russia’s leadership in space reserch.
Teacher: The next victory of our scientists was the first group flight into space,wasn’t it?
Pupil 4:I agree with you here. On the 11th of August 1962 spaceship Vostok 3 piloted by Andriyan Nikolaev flew into space.The next day Vostok 4 with Popovich was launched into space.It was for the first time that 2 spaceships were in space at the same time. They flew in a distance of 6 km from each other.This flight was a preperation for spaceships’ docking. We remember this date and we are proud of cosmonaut № 3 because A. G. Nikolayev is our countryman. He was born in Chuvash Republic in the village Shorshely.
Teacher:Russian women are as brave as men.Valentina Tereshkova is an examle of it.
On the16th of July 1963 2 days after spaceship Vostok 5 with V. Bykovsky, spaceship Vostok 6 was launched into space. For the first time in the world a woman flew into space.She was Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman cosmonaut in the world.
Teacher: The single- seat “Vostok” spaceships did a lot contributions in science. The second generation Soviet spaceships Voskhod were made for a whole crew of astronauts, you know about it, don’t you?
I want to tell you that the second generation Soviet spaceships Voskhod were made for a whole crew of astronauts. Voskhod 1 was the first ship for a crew of three cosmonots.It was launched on the 12 th of october in 1964 with an engineer V.Komarov,a scientist Feoktistov and a doctor Egorov.
In 1965 Voskhod 2 made a flight which was really memorable because the copilot Alexei Leonov left the ship for the first time and became a spase walker.He spent 10 minutes outside the spaceship in a special spacesuit.
Speaking about all these space reserches we can’t but mention the name of an outstanding man, a scientist and designer of space –rocket systems Sergei Pavlovich Korolyov.I’m sure you know his biography.
Pupil 7: I’m going to tell you the biography of this outstanding man. S.P.Korolyov designed the Vostok and Voskhod spaceships and realised the most ambitious plans of Russian scientest and inventor K. Tsiolkovsky.
He was born in the city Zhitomir in the family of a teacher.From 1927 he worked in the aircraft industry. In 1930, without leavig his job, he graduated from Moscow Bauman Higher Technical School and finished a flying school in Zhitomir. After meeting with Tsiolkovsky and studying his ideas, Korolyov became a rocket enthusiast. He was one of the founders of modern space-rocket engineering.
You are right, Korolyov devoted himself to developing of space-rocket engineering. Sergei Pavlovich was awarded the highest title of the USSR: “ Hero of the Soviet Union “ for his contributions in science.
Korolyov prepared and assisted Russian cosmonauts, sending them to space and meeting them prsonally after landing at the Bikanur Cosmodrome. By the time S. Korolyov died unexpectedly in 1966 , the foundation of the USSR as a powerful space state had been established.
And now let’s speak about the third generation manned spaceship Soyuz.
Pupil 7: In January 1969 spaceship “Soyuz” with the cosmonaut Shatalov was put into orbit.The next day spaceship “Soyuz 5” with Volynov,Eliseyev,Khrunov flew into space. This generation of spaceships was able of maneuvering.The ships docked and the cosmonauts moved from one ship to another. This was the first experimental orbital station.
In the course of space exploration there have been lots of achievements in science and technology. This period saw the launching of many earth satellites, numerous space laboratories. Among the achievements we may enumerate the landing of automatic stations on the Moon, the flights of space laboratories towards the Venus and Mars. And the space exploration became not a competition but a cooperation. The first step to it was done in 1975.I hope you know about it.?
Pupil 8: I know that the first international flight took place in 1975.On July 15 an american spacecraft “ Apollo” started from Canaveral and “Soyuz-19” from Baikonur.On the 17th of July the spaceships docked.The crews of the Spaceships worked together on their programmes and succesfully returned to Earth.
Teacher: Can you name the cosmonauts?
Pupil 8: They are Soviet cosmonauts A.Leonov and V. Kubasov , American astronauts T.Stafford, B.Brand and D.Slaton.
Teacher: My friends, to sum it all up I’d like to say that the future of space exploration seems to be connected with cooperation work in space.People’s desire to know more abaut world around us will never be satisfied and we can get the best results if we do this hard work together.
Well, our lesson is over. Thank you for being active at the lesson. I am very pleased with your work.Your marks for the lesson are the following...
By Svetlana Dmitrieva, Sovetskaya secondary school, Yadrin district, Chuvash Republic
1.Афанасьева, Михеева Английский язык ,9 кл.
2.Е.Занина, 95 устных тем по английскому языку, Москва, Айрис Пресс, 2003
3.А.И.Немыкина, 120 устных тем по английскому языку, Москва, «Аквариум»
4.Я. Голованов ,Впервые в мире, изд. «Плакат»,Москва, 1987 г.
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