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Всероссийская олимпиада школьников по английскому языку .Школьный тур для 9-11 классов.



Задание 1:

Чтение

You are going to read a magazine article about a mountaineering expedition. Seven paragraphs have been removed from the article. Choose from the paragraphs A-H the one which fits each gap (1-7). There is one extra paragraph which you do not need to use.



Соотнесите пробелы в статье с параграфами приведенными ниже. Один параграф лишний.


WAS THIS THE YETI?

3_______________________________________

It was another day of perfect weather on the mountain as Trevor, Malcolm and I, plus our local companions, arrived above the clouds, looking down on the largely unexplored Gandesi range in Tibet. We were very close to the top of Mount Targo one of the few mountains in the world over 6,500 metres that remained unclimbed.
0____________________________________________

Indeed, we were, as far as we know, the first outsiders to get permission to visit this valley. Even from base camp the nearest road -just a dirt track - was 200 kilometres away. Simply finding our mountain had required a determined feat of exploration.




I was so astonished that the little breath I had left at that oxygen-starved altitude was completely taken away. How could there be any sign of life at this height? Surely animals are not to be found so far above the snowline?

1)___________________________________________


We managed to climb the final 500 metres to the summit but, out of respect to the nomads who believe this mountain to be the home of the Gods, we left the last 10 metres or so unclimbed. In my pleasure at being a member of the first team to scale Mount Targo, I forgot all about the footprints until we were safely back in our tents.

2)___________________________________________

It was not until three days later, at base camp, that the word 'yeti' was finally mentioned. It came from Min, one of the Tibetan yak-herders who was helping to carry our climbing equipment. He told us that as a child, taking his father's yaks high into the mountains in search of grass, he had seen a 'tingri'. He proceeded to describe an ape-like creature similar to an orang-utan.

4_________________________________________

The first widely publicized evidence was the discovery of animal footprints in the snows of Mount Everest at 6,300 metres in 1921 by Charles Howard-Bury. His porters told him it was 'metch-kangmi' - literally, the stinking man of the snow. A British journalist with the expedition mistakenly translated this as 'abonimable snowman'.

5____________________________________________

Nor has professional Himlayan climber Julian Freeman-Attwood had any luck with the yeti, although he has seen similar footprints on several expeditions in Mongolia. His own view is that they were caused by a very shy and rare species of bear, whose imprint in the snow was expanded in size by the natural process of sun-melt.



6__________________________________________

But nor could we explain what they were. Perhaps then, there really is a strange creature something like an orang­utan, that lives in tiny numbers in the Himalayas, doing its best to avoid contact with the world's most destructive animal - humans.






A Now we were being invited to believe what we'd thought to be impossible. Sure ,there are numerous folk tales about the mythical yeti, and various claimed sightings. But to date none of these has ever been scientifically proven.

E Then in 1960, seven years after climbing Mount Everest, Edmund Hilary led an expedition to find the yeti. In ten months they were unable to find any firm proof of the animal's existence.




B However, it takes a lot to overcome my sceptical nature. After all, most scientists dismiss the yeti as a mythical creature, born of imagination, thin mountain air and Tibetan fairy-tale.

C Neither, apparently, was there any record of a human being here before. Even Sven Hedin, the last explorer to come this way, in 1902, had not set foot on the holy Mount Targo because of local sensitivities.

F Our Tibetan translator explained with amazement: 'That's the local word for yeti.' Although excited, I tried to think logically. Of course, many local people must have seen the odd bear or wolf on the great plateau between Lake Tzo and the wild heights of Mount Targo. This, after all, is one of the most remote places on earth.

G When I mentioned them to the others, the still unspoken word on all our minds seemed so far­fetched, so impossible, that we all burst into nervous laughter.




D As for my own expedition, those ten or so fresh footprints we saw at 6,000 metres on Mount Targo, were more than 25 centimetres long and nearly 20 centimetres wide. Certainly they did not seem to match the known prints of any such animal.

H As we headed up the long, final snow-covered stretch to the summit, my sense of well-being was so great that I failed to notice the ten or so larger-than-hand-sized footprints in the snow on a small hill above a steep 1,000 metre drop to the glacier below. It was Malcolm who pointed them out.




Задание2: Письмо

Напишите сочинение из 140-180 слов в нужном стиле.

In class, you have recently discussed the effects of technology on our lives. Your


teacher has now asked you to write a composition, giving your opinion of the
following statement:

Technological advances do not always make things better.

Write your composition in 140-180 words in an appropriate style.



12


Задание 3 Прочитайте текст выберите правильный вариант ответа (A, B, C илиD).



MOVIE STARS JOIN THE ANIMALS

Nature programmes on television have become more popular than ever over the (0)

few years. Part of the (1).... for this is the involvement of Hollywood movie stars in the

programmes. Recently we have seen the actor Timothy Dalton on the (2) of arctic

wolves, and Robin Williams diving with dolphins.

The most memorable example of this style of programme came several years ago when

Julia Roberts tracked through the jungles of Borneo in (3) of orang-utans. The (4)

of this beautiful actress, normally so elegant, making her way on foot through the

rainforest, made a great (5) on the viewing public. One special moment came when

a baby orang-utan who was cuddling Julia (6) to leave her. That scene (7) that

the programme was a huge (8) A new TV genre was (9)

TV companies are keen to (10) that by sending celebrities into the wild they are

trying to do some good in the world. For example, a movie star can make people (11)

of the destruction of certain animal species and their habitats. The bigger the celebrity,

the more people tend to (12) note of any environmental message in the programme.

For the celebrities, the trip is often a dream come (13) and they are certainly not

doing it for the money. They are given a small (14) for their services, which they

usually (15) to charity.



1

A

cause

B

motive

C

reason

D

excuse

2

A

trail

B

path

C

route

D

way

3

A

hunt

B

search

c

investigation

D

quest

4

A

show

B

display

c

vision

D

sight

5

A

reflection

B

influence

c

affect

D

impression

6

A

rejected

B

denied

c

refused

D

failed

7

A

enforced

B

ensured

c

enabled

D

encouraged

8

A

hit

B

knock

c

smash

D

blow

9

A

raised

B

born

c

originated

D

bred

10

A

come forward

B

see to

c

point out

D

think over

11

A

sensible

B

familiar

c

sensitive

D

aware

12

A

take

B

catch

c

keep

D

make

13

A

true

B

right

c

real

D

natural

14

A

wage

B

fee

c

charge

D

fare

15

A

donate

B

contribute

c

grant

D

subscribe

Задание 4 Прочитайте текст .Вставьте нужное слово в заданиях 16-30.



URBAN CYCLING

The problem of traffic congestion (0) getting worse year by year. Motorists are

(16) main cause, of course, and yet it is they (17) suffer most from the

problem. What alternatives do they have? One suggestion is that they should turn


(18) 'pedal power'.

For some motorists this is a realistic option but for many it is much (19) difficult.

For example, how many working people live near (20) to their workplace to be

(21) to cycle there? And how many people have a cycle-friendly workplace with

bike sheds and showers (22) that they can freshen up and dress appropriately in

time (23) their day's work?

Cycling in urban areas is especially problematic. To encourage people to use their bikes, many cities now have cycle lanes alongside roads; but cyclists using them still suffer

(24) exhaust pollution. Cycle lanes can also give a false sense (25) security

- the cyclist is always at risk, even (26) he or she is wearing a helmet. Ask any

motorist (27) they think about cycle lanes and they will usually tell (28)

that they find the road markings confusing.

In spite of measures such (29) cycle lanes, intended to improve things for cyclists

on busy roads, it is not surprising that for the great (30) of road users, the car

remains the safer and easier option.




Задание 5 Составьте второе из данных предложений, используя выделенные слова без изменений, как в примере (0).

Пример:

0 Two years ago, Maria started learning German.
for
Maria two years.

The space can be filled by the words 'has been learning German for' so you write:



has been learning German for

31

Most scientists believe there is a rational explanation for UFO sightings.



can

Most scientists believe that UFO sightings rationally.





32 Let's see if we can find the wild cat because it can't have gone far.
still

Let's see if we can find the wild cat because it

quite close!

33 Thomas Beale checked out of the hotel and vanished, never to be seen again.


last

Thomas Beale checking out of the hotel.

34 Steven's invention looks just like a pair of ski goggles.
similar

Steven's invention a pair of ski goggles.

35 People say it's a very good film, so I'd like to go and see it.
supposed

It a very good film, so I'd like to go and see it.

36 Chimpanzees use sticks to eat ants and this shows how intelligent they are.
sign

Chimpanzees use of sticks to eat ants of their

intelligence.

37 Three dolphins saved Tom when he was in trouble in the sea.


came

When Tom was in trouble in the sea, three dolphins rescue.

38 Sarah's pet dog was so frightened by the thunder that it hid in a cupboard.
found

Sarah's pet dog it hid in a cupboard.

39 Global warming is causing changes in temperature in many parts of the world.
result

In many parts of the world, the temperature of

global warming.

40 Martin's new job is much better paid than his old one.


higher

Martin will get in his new job than in his old one.

















Задание 6 Прочитайте текст .Измените слова, стоящие справа ,так чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста .




CONIFERS UNDER THREAT

Some of the Earth's (41) trees, some of them survivors from OLD

the age of the dinosaurs, could be facing (42) More than EXTINCT

one in ten conifer species is likely to (43) in the next decade, APPEAR

according to conservationists, because of the effects of (44) POLLUTE

and the spread of and agricultural (45) Scientists, however, DEVELOP

are keen to preserve rare conifer trees because they may have (46) MEDICINE

uses as well as being a source of very good hard wood.

Typical conifer forests of the type which are (47) found in colder GENERAL

(48) climates, contain millions of trees, but only a few different NORTH

species. A much greater (49) of conifer trees exists on islands and VARY



(50) areas, but only a few of each type remain. And because conifers TROPIC

grow very slowly, it could take some species centuries to (51) COVER

if they survive at all.

Задание 7.Говорение. Составьте диалог на тему: поездка за границу во время школьных каникул.

You and your friend are thinking of going on holiday abroad during your school holidays. You and your friend are discussing what kind of holiday to take. You can have:

1.an educational holiday

2.a beach holiday

3.a sightseeing holiday

4.an active holiday

REMEMBER TO:

1) discuss all the options, 2) be polite, 3) take an active part in conversation, 4) come to agreement.



Пояснительная записка к школьной олимпиаде 9-11 классов.

Школьная олимпиада состоит из шести письменных заданий и рассчитана на два академических часа и устной части по критериям ЕГЭ.

Каждый правильный ответ равен одному баллу, сочинение -20 баллам и оценивается по критериям ЕГЭ.

Общее количество баллов за письменную часть-79.

Устная часть -20 баллов, критерии ЕГЭ.

Участники школьного этапа Олимпиады, набравшие наибольшее количество баллов, признаются победителями школьного этапа Олимпиады при условии, что количество набранных ими баллов превышает половину максимально возможных баллов.


     В случае, когда победители не определены, в школьном этапе Олимпиады определяются только призеры.

Согласно положению об олимпиаде на окружной этап Всероссийской олимпиады школьников приглашаются победители и призеры школьного этапа, но не больше 10 человек от учебного заведения.

Ключи к олимпиаде по английскому языку для 9-11 классов ( 2011-2012)

Задание 1. Reading

1C, 2G ,3F, 4A, 5E ,6D
Задание3 Lexical close

1C 2A 3B 4D 5D 6C 7B 8A 9B 10C 11D 12A 13A 14B 15A

Задание 4

16 the , 17 who/that ,18 to, 19 more, 20 enough, 21 able, 22 so, 23 for, 24 from, 25 of,

26 if/when, 27 what, 28 you, 29 as, 30 majority
Задание5

31 can be explained

32 must still be

33 was last seen

34 is/looks(very)similar

35 is supposed to be

36 and this/which is a sign

37 came to the /his

38 found the thunder so frightening

39 is changing as a result

40 a much higher salary

Задание 6

41 oldest, 42 extinction, 43 disappear,44 pollution, 45 development , 46 medical/medicinal,

47 generally, 48 northern , 49 variety, 50 tropical, 51 recover








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