Главная
страница 1


Демонстрационный вариант

контрольных измерительных материалов

единого государственного экзамена 2013 года по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

подготовлен Федеральным государственным бюджетным научным учреждением «ФЕДЕРАЛЬНЫЙ ИНСТИТУТ ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИХ ИЗМЕРЕНИЙ»

Единый государственный экзамен по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

Пояснения к демонстрационному варианту контрольных измерительных материалов единого государственного экзамена 2013 года по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

При ознакомлении с демонстрационным вариантом контрольных измерительных материалов ЕГЭ 2013 г. следует иметь в виду, что задания, включённые в него, не отражают всех вопросов содержания, которые будут проверяться с помощью вариантов КИМ в 2013 г. Полный перечень вопросов, которые могут контролироваться на едином государственном экзамене 2013 г., приведён в кодификаторе элементов содержания и требований к уровню подготовки выпускников общеобразовательных учреждений для единого государственного экзамена 2013 г. по английскому языку.

Назначение демонстрационного варианта заключается в том, чтобы дать возможность любому участнику ЕГЭ и широкой общественности составить представление о структуре будущих КИМ, количестве заданий, их форме, уровне сложности. Приведённые критерии оценки выполнения заданий с развёрнутым ответом, включённые в этот вариант, дают представление о требованиях к полноте и правильности записи развёрнутого ответа.

Эти сведения позволят выпускникам выработать стратегию подготовки к ЕГЭ.

Демонстрационный вариант контрольных измерительных материалов для проведения в 2013 году единого государственного экзамена по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

Инструкция по выполнению работы

Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит из четырёх разделов, включающих в себя 46 заданий.

Раздел 1 («Аудирование») содержит 15 заданий, из которых первое - на установление соответствия и 14 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из трёх предложенных. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение раздела 1 - 30 минут.

Раздел 2 («Чтение») содержит 9 заданий, из которых 2 задания - на установление соответствия и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырёх предложенных. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение раздела 2 - 30 минут.

Раздел 3 («Грамматика и лексика») содержит 20 заданий, из которых 13 заданий с кратким ответом и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырёх предложенных. При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом Вы должны самостоятельно записать ответ в соответствующем месте работы. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение раздела 30-40 минут.

По окончании выполнения заданий каждого из этих разделов не забывайте переносить свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1.

Раздел 4 («Письмо») состоит из двух заданий и представляет собой небольшую письменную работу (написание личного письма и письменного высказывания с элементами рассуждения). Рекомендуемое время на выполнение этого раздела работы - 80 минут. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. Любые черновые пометки (черновик) не проверяются и не оцениваются. Оценке подлежит только вариант ответа, занесённый в бланк ответов № 2!

Все бланки ЕГЭ заполняются яркими чёрными чернилами. Допускается использование гелевой, капиллярной или перьевой ручек.

Общее время проведения экзамена - 180 минут.

Рекомендуется выполнять задания в том порядке, в котором они даны. Постарайтесь выполнить как можно больше заданий и набрать наибольшее количество баллов.


Раздел 1. Аудирование

B1 Вы услышите шесть высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями, даннъши в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

  1. Writing Valentines has a very long history.

  2. It's another time to spend money.

  3. Valentines make a big business.

  4. There's always something against the Day.

  5. It's a traditional Valentine's Day present and no one should spare money for it.

  6. Its traditions tend to fade.

  7. Even journalists need information about Valentine's Day.

Говорящий

А

В

С

D

Е

F

Утверждение


















Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений AI-A7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют ( 2-False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.



A1 The tourist has visited England before.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated



А2 There is a number of sightseeing attractions in Windsor besides Windsor Castle.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated



А3 The tourist hopes to see the Queen in Windsor.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated



А4 The Household Cavalry Museum occupies a part of Windsor Castle.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated



А5 The tourist wants to see Windsor Great Park on a separate day.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated



А 6 The receptionist claims that most tourists need more than one day to spend in Windsor.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated



А 7 The tourist wants to buy postcards with the town views.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated


Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A 8 What's the main role of English in India according to the speaker?

    1. Enabling communication between the country's peoples.

    2. Serving as the language of Indian Mass Media.

    3. Connecting India with the rest of the world.

A 9 Which of the following is TRUE about Indian English?

      1. It has specific features in grammar as well as in vocabulary and phonetics.

      2. It exists only in local newspapers.

      3. It's similar to Australian English.

A 10 What, according to the speaker, partly explains the specifics of Indian English?

        1. Education traditions in India.

        2. Indian history and culture.

        3. Structure of local languages.

A 11 Which of the following is mentioned as a grammatical feature of Indian English?

          1. Use of a plural form of a certain word in relation to a single object.

          2. Avoiding use of the progressive tense.

          3. Overuse of the definite article.

A 12 Which of the following phrases is used in Indian English for "How can I help

you?"?


            1. Where are you put up?

            2. Hello, what do you want?

            3. Tell me ...

A 13 What does the speaker say about the language of Indian teenagers?

              1. It makes Indian English more modern.

              2. It's devised to confuse older people.

              3. It consists of slang mostly.

А 14 What's the basic direction of changes in modern Indian English according to the speaker?

                1. Purification.

                2. Simplification.

                3. Localization.

По окончании выполнения заданий В1 и А1-А14 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов № 11 Обратите внимание на то, что ответы на задания Bl, А1-А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в задании В1 (в нижней части бланка) цифры записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.
Раздел 2. Чтение

В 2 Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текстами A-G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

  1. Travel memories

  2. Animal lover magazine

  3. Travel to stars

  4. Star dreams

  5. Popular hobby

  6. Family magazine

  7. People and nature

  8. Animals in danger




A Most people who spend a holiday travelling take a camera with them and photograph anything that interests them - sights of a city, views of mountains, lakes, waterfalls, men and women, children, ruins of ancient buildings, and even birds and animals. Later looking through their albums they will remember the happy time they have had, the islands, countries and cities they have seen.

B Of course, different people dream of different things. Someone wishes a calm and quiet life; others imagine their life as a never-ending adventure. The majority dream of something concrete: a villa in some warm place, an account in a Swiss bank, a splendid car... It's interesting to know what the dreams of people who already have all this are. Celebrities, as we know, never hide their unusual hobbies, and often shock us with their extravagant behaviour.

C It is Junior Baseball Magazine's mission to provide information that enhances the youth baseball experience for the entire family. The player improves his skills and is more successful. The family enjoys the activity more and shares this precious time in their life. Junior Baseball emphasizes good sportsmanship, safely, physical fitness and wholesome family values.

D The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison like industrial, nuclear and chemical waste. The Mediterranean Sea is already nearly dead; the North Sea is following it. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas. Every ten minutes one species of animal, plant or insect dies out forever.

Е Lots of people all over the world enjoy collecting stamps. Stamps are like little pictures. Very often they show the flowers or the trees which grow in this or that country, or they can show different kinds of transport of the country. Stamps may also have portraits of famous people on them. Some stamps show art work from the history of the country.

F "Friend" is the title of my favourite magazine. It consists of 70 pages, with lots of colourful and bright pictures and provides interesting and useful information for people who love animals. The magazine includes numerous articles devoted to various topics connected with domestic animals, ways to take care of them, pet food, animal health and many other topics crucial for any animal lover.

G People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are not just somebody else's. Many people join and support various international organizations and green parties. What could be more important than human life? Polluted air, poisoned water, wastelands, noise, smoke - all these influence not only nature but people as well. Everything should be done to improve ecological conditions on our planet.


А

В

С

D

Е

F

G























B 3 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначеннъши цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1-7 лишняя.

Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

Mobile phones

On New Year's Day, 1985, Michael Harrison phoned his father, Sir Ernest, to wish him a happy new year. Sir Ernest was chairman of Racal Electronics, the

owner of Vodafone, A .

At the time, mobile phones weighed almost a kilogram, cost several thousand pounds and provided only 20 minutes talktime. The networks themselves were small; Vodafone had just a dozen masts covering London. Nobody had any idea of the huge potential of wireless communication and the dramatic impact

В

Hardly anyone believed there would come a day when mobile phones were



so popular С . But in 1999 one mobile phone was sold

in the UK every four seconds, and by 2004 there were more mobile phones in the UK than people. The boom was a result of increased competition which pushed prices lower and created innovations in the way that mobiles were sold.

When the government introduced more competition, companies started cutting prices to attract more customers. Cellnet, for example, changed its prices,

D . It also introduced local call tariffs.

The way that handsets themselves were marketed was also changing and it

was Finland's Nokia who made E . In the late 1990s

Nokia realized that the mobile phone was a fashion item: so it offered interchangeable covers which allowed you to customize and personalize your handset.

The mobile phone industry has spent the later part of the past decade reducing its

monthly charge F , which has culminated in the fight

between the iPhone and a succession of touch screen rivals.


    1. trying to persuade people to do more with their phones than just call and text

    2. that there would be more phones in the UK than there are people

    3. and relying instead on actual call charges

    4. that mobile phones would have over the next quarter century

    5. the leap from phones as technology to phones as fashion items

    6. and his son was making the first-ever mobile phone call in the UK

    7. the move to digital technology, connecting machines to wireless networks


А

В

С

D

Е

F




















Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Llandudno

Llandudno is truly a fine and handsome place, built on a generously pro­portioned bay and lined along its broad front with a huddle of prim but gracious nineteenth-century hotels that reminded me in the fading light of a lineup of Victorian nannies. Llandudno was purpose-built as a resort in the mid-1800s, and it cultivates a nice old-fashioned air. I don't suppose that Lewis Carroll, who famously strolled this front with little Alice Liddell in the 1860s, would notice a great deal of change today.

To my consternation, the town was packed with weekending pensioners. Buses from all over were parked along the side streets, every hotel I called at was full, and in every dining room I could see crowds - veritable oceans - of nodding white heads spooning soup and conversing happily. Goodness knows what had brought them to the Welsh seaside at this bleak time of year.

Farther on along the front there stood a clutch of guesthouses, large and virtually indistinguishable, and a few of them had vacancy signs in their windows. I had eight or ten to choose from, which always puts me in a mild fret because I have an unerring instinct for choosing badly. My wife can survey a row of guesthouses and instantly identify the one run by a white-haired widow with a fondness for children, and sparkling bathroom facilities, whereas I can generally count on choosing the one run by a guy with a grasping manner, and the sort of cough that makes you wonder where he puts the phlegm. Such, I felt, would be the case tonight.

All the guesthouses had boards out front listing their many amenities - COLOUR TV, HOSPITALITY TRAYS, FULL CENTRAL HEATING, and the coyly euphemistic EN SUITE ALL ROOMS, meaning private bathrooms. One place offered satellite TV and a trouser press, and another boasted CURRENT FIRE CERTIFICATE - something I had never thought to look for in a B&B. All this heightened my sense of unease and doom. How could I possibly choose intelligently among such a variety of options?

I selected a place that looked reasonable enough from the outside - its board promised a color TV and coffee making facilities, about all I require these days for a Saturday night - but from the moment I set foot in the door I knew it was a bad choice. I was about to turn and flee when the owner emerged from a back room and stopped my retreat with an unenthusiastic "Yes?" A short conversation revealed that a single room with breakfast was for £19.50. It was entirely out of the question that I would stay the night in such a dismal place at such an exorbitant price, so I said, "That sounds fine," and signed in. Well, it's so hard to say no.

My room was everything I expected it to be - cold and cheerless with laminated furniture, grubbily matted carpet, and those mysterious ceiling stains that bring to mind a neglected corpse in the room above. There was a tray of coffee things but the cups were disgusting, and the spoon was stuck to the tray. The bathroom, faintly illuminated by a distant light activated by a length of string, had curling floor tiles and years of accumulated dirt packed into every corner. I peered at the yellowy tile around the bath and sink and realized what the landlord did with his phlegm. A bath was out of the question, so I threw some cold water on my face, dried it with a towel that had the texture of shredded wheat, and gladly took my leave.



A 15 Llandudno is described as a

      1. fashionable 19th century resort.

      2. beautiful growing resort.

      3. place where Lewis Carroll lived.

      4. place famous for its comfortable hotels.

A 16 The phrase "veritable oceans" in paragraph 2 refers to

        1. hotel dining rooms.

        2. hotel guests wearing white hats.

        3. old people dining in cafes.

        4. buses crowded with old Welsh people.

A 17 When choosing a guesthouse the narrator was worried because he

          1. wasn't good at making the right choice.

          2. could not find a place run by a kind old widow.

          3. did not know what to look for.

          4. missed his wife for help.

A 18 The narrator thought that the choice of a guesthouse used to be easier because

            1. all hotels had a private bathroom.

            2. there were fewer options on offer.

            3. there were fewer guest houses.

            4. they were all of B&B type.

A 19 Why did the narrator agree to the room?

              1. He felt sorry for the landlord.

              2. He could not refuse the offer.

              3. It was really cheap.

              4. There was a TV and a coffee maker.

A 20 Why was the bath out of the question?

                1. The water was too cold.

                2. There was no hot water.

                3. The bathtub was dirty.

                4. There was no light.

A 21 What is the narrator's attitude towards the room he stayed in?

                  1. Surprised.

                  2. Indifferent.

                  3. Positive.

                  4. Critical.

По окончании выполнения заданий В2, ВЗ и А15-А21 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1! Обратите внимание на то, что ответы на задания В2, ВЗ, А15-А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В2 и ВЗ цифры записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4-В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученнъши словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4-В10.

A cup of coffee




B 4


B 5

B 6

Once I was travelling in Italy. It was a lovely day. wandered along the street until I came upon some parasol-shaded tables which seemed to___ very nice. I settled and opened my book.

It was taking a long time for the waiter to arrive, but I was in no hurry. I was sure that the waiter ___soon.

But finally, becoming impatient, I turned to signal for service and saw the neon sign. That was the ____moment... I discovered that I was sitting outside a store selling garden furniture.



I


COME

BAD


The Great Wall of China



B 7
B 8

B 9


B 10



The Great Wall of China runs for 6,700 kilometers from east to west of China. It is one of the _____ wonders of the world.

The Great Wall ___ in order to protect the country form different aggressors.

The construction of the Wall ___ in the 6th century ВС and lasted until the 16 century AD.

Since then, the Great Wall of China ___ a symbol of wisdom and bravery of the Chinese people and a monument to Chinese nation for many hundreds of years



GREAT

BUILD
BEGIN


BECOME



Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11-В16, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученнъши словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11-В16.

UK: Conservation and Environment



B 11

B 12


B 13


B 14


B 15

B 16


Going for a walk is the most popular leisure activity in Britain. Despite its high ____ density and widespread urbanization, the UK has many unspoilt rural and coastal areas.

Twelve National Parks are freely accessible to the public and were created to conserve ___ the beauty,

wildlife and cultural heritage they contain.

Most of the land in National Parks is privately owned, but administered by an independent National Park Authority which

works to balance the expectations of___with the need to conserve these open spaces for future generations.

The UK also works to improve the global environment and has

taken global warming___ever since

scientists discovered the hole in the ozone layer.

In 1997, the UK subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol binding developed countries to reduce emissions of the six main greenhouse gases. The Protocol declares environmental __. Nowadays British___ are taking part in one of the largest international projects that is undertaken to protect endangered species


POPULATE


NATURE

VISIT

SERIOUS

PROTECT SCIENCE






Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22-А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

Amos

It wasn't unusual for Amos to go to Deravenels on Saturday, even though the offices were closed over the weekend. He A22____to go to tidy up his paperwork and do other small jobs he couldn't attend to during the week.

But on this Saturday morning he had a specific purpose when he arrived at the grand old building on the Strand. The uniformed doorman A23____Amos close his umbrella and take off his raincoat. Then he touched his cap and said, "Good morning, Mr. Finnister"

Amos had come to the office to A24 ___a few telephone calls. His first call was to the Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, where he quickly discovered the records office was not open on weekends. He then dialed Ravenscar and was put through to Edward Deravenel.

"Good morning, Amos," Edward said. "I'm assuming you have some news for me." Amos then relayed all the information he had gathered the night before.

"Well done, Amos!" Edward exclaimed. "Thank you for going into all this A25___ I knew I could depend A26 ___you. My wife will be happy as I am to know everything; it's been such a mystery all these years. To A27 ___the truth, I think that Grace Rose should also know what happened to her mother. It will finally put her mind at rest."



"I agree, sir. I will telephone you on Monday". Amos walked home, A28___ no attention to the heavy rain. He felt happy.


A22

1) held

2) took

3) used

4) kept

A23

1) looked

2) gazed

3) stared

4) watched

A24

1) take

2) do

3) make

4) give

A25

1) worry

2) trouble

3) bother

4) mess

A26

1) at

2) on

3) in

4) of

A27

1) tell

2) speak

3) say

4) talk

A28

1) turning

2) paying

3) drawing

4) bringing

По окончании выполнения заданий В4-В16, А22-А28 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1. Обратите внимание на то, что ответы на задания В4-В16, A22-A28 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях B4-BI6 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.



Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответов на задания С1 и С2 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (CI, С2), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.
С1 You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Tom who writes:

Last month our class went to Washington to visit the National Museum of American History. It was my first visit there and it was fun! How often do you go to museums with your class, if at all? Which museum is your favorite or what museum would you like to visit? Why do you think people should go there? This summer we plan to go hiking with my parents.

Write a letter to Tom. In your letter



  • answer his questions

  • ask 3 questions about his summer plans

Write 100-140 words


C2


Remember the rules of letter writing.

Comment on the following statement.

Some people think that extreme sports help to build character. What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement? Write 200-250 words.

Use the following plan:



  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion

  • express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion

  • explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion

  • make a conclusion restating your position


Приложение 1

Тексты для аудирования

Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго прослушивания у Вас будет время для выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не предусмотрены. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1.

Задание В1



Вы услышите шесть высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями, даннъши в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У Вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start. Speaker A

Can you imagine it - the average American spends more than $ 100 on Valentine's Day! And men spend almost twice as much on Valentine's Day as women do! A survey I read shows that more than one-third of men would prefer not receiving a gift. At the same time just less than 20 percent of women feel the same way. The reason for this is partly that the holiday seems just too expensive.

Speaker В

As far as I know on Valentine's Day no one saves money on flowers. No wonder flowers may cost up to 30 percent more that day! Some people even buy and send flowers to themselves on Valentine's Day. The most popular flower is still the rose followed by lilies and violets. The colours of flowers are very important as they speak about your feelings and emotions, but many people just don't pay attention to that and buy whatever they find nice and suitable.

Speaker С

I was surprised to learn that Valentine cards have a very long history. Some scientists believe that the tradition was probably started by Charles, Duke of Orleans, because the oldest surviving Valentine dates back to him, to the year of 1415. It was a beautiful poem written by the Duke to his wife. However some historians trace the roots of the holiday back to the Roman times and their pagan celebrations or early medieval times.

Speaker D

Do you know, that one billion Valentine cards are sent each year worldwide, making it the second largest card-sending holiday of the year behind Christmas? I've heard Hallmark, a big card producer, even employs research staff to analyze the sales pattern of previous Valentines. They analyze customer interviews and in- store observations to find out which cards've been a sell-out this or that year and which age group chooses which type of cards and which is the best poem on the card and so on.

Speaker E

BBC reports that India has spoken out against Valentine's Day calling it "an attack on local culture for commercial purposes". So I guess they do take it seriously and there're people not in favor of this holiday. The Catholic Church, for instance, struck St. Valentine's Day from its official calendar in 1969. There even have been times when Valentine's Day was close to being forbidden.

Speaker F

The University of Maryland has a team of academic experts educating the media about Valentine's Day no matter what angle they wish to cover. There I've read that many people choose Valentine's Day for getting married. Can you imagine? The list of celebrities who've done this includes Elton John and Meg Ryan. And quite a lot of famous people have been born on that day!

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.) Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Задания A1-A7



Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У Вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.



Receptionist: Hello, Windsor Travel Company, how may I help you? Tourist: Hello, I was just wondering if you could offer me a tour of Windsor. This is my first visit to England and I want to make the most of it. I've been dreaming of visiting Windsor for quite a long time, so ...

Receptionist: And may I tell you that you have phoned the very right place! We're the oldest company in Great Britain to offer a variety of guided tours to Windsor. Tourist: So you have several routes? I'm surprised to hear that as I thought Windsor's a really tiny town.

Receptionist: Windsor isn't big but there's so much to see and do there. Would you like me to list some of the opportunities? Tourist: Yes, please.

Receptionist: Well, the most famous attraction in Windsor is certainly the magnificent Windsor Castle - the most romantic castle in the world. When the

Queen is in residence, her presence is marked by the flying of her personal

standard from the Round Tower. You may be lucky to see that.

Tourist: I guess Windsor Castle is a must for a tourist like me. What can I see

there?


Receptionist: First you go to St George's Chapel - one of England's most beautiful ecclesiastic structures - and move forward to Queen Mary's Doll's House a perfect miniature palace with working lights and lifts, and even running water in all its 5 bathrooms!

Tourist: That must be amazing! Anything else I could see apart from Windsor Castle?

Receptionist: You may stroll to the Household Cavalry Museum. Inside is a comprehensive collection of the Regiment's uniforms, weapons and armour as used from 1600 to the present day. One more thing absolutely worth seeing is Windsor Great Park and Smith's Lawn.

Tourist: Is it possible to combine all these things into one day's tour? Receptionist: Most people feel one day isn't enough for them but you'll have a general impression and can come back next time you're in England. Tourist: And what about shopping opportunities? I'd really love to buy some souvenirs for my family and friends.

Receptionist: Windsor Royal Station will suit you. The covered shopping area combines modern store design and user-friendly facilities. Tourist: Good. I think I'll order a tour now.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.) Now you'll hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Задания A8-A14



Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У Вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.



Presenter: Today in our World Englishes programme we are going to discuss Indian English. Professor Barry Smith is my guest and my first question is: What is the role of English in today's India?

Professor: In India, where more than 18 different languages coexist, English serves as the connector between people speaking different mother tongues. So the number of Indians who wish to learn and use English is not only continuing but increasing. The number of English newspapers, journals and magazines is on the increase too. In fact, Indian English is a recognized dialect of English, just like British Received Pronunciation or Australian English or Standard American. It has a lot of distinctive pronunciations, some distinctive syntax and quite a bit of lexical variation.

Presenter: What about grammar?

Professor: Linguists observe the following anomalies in the grammar of Indian English. The Indians, for instance, use the progressive tense with stative verbs, which is an influence of traditional Hindi grammar. There're also variations in noun, number and determiners, preposition use, building tag questions, word order. Another example's that Indians often use the indefinite article a before words starting with vowels, though it must be mentioned that usually this is just a slip of the tongue.

Presenter: Are these anomalies kind of accidental or can you explain them in some way?

Professor: For those aware of the grammar of Indian tongues, the logic behind the quirks of Indian English is quite transparent and readily explicable. In addition to what I've already mentioned, Indians use the past perfect tense in verbs where International English speakers would use the past simple. There are lexical points as well - like using the words but and only as intensifiers or adding English affixes to local words. There are some funny cases like use of the plural ladies for a single lady or a woman of respect, use of open and close instead of switch on and off. Some idioms and popular phrases include the question "Where are you put up?" instead of "Where do you live?" or the phrase "tell me" instead of "How can I help you?" Strange as it may seem sentences like "Hello, what do you want?" as a beginning of a business conversation aren't perceived as rough by most Indians. Presenter: Have local Indian languages contributed to Indian English? Professor: Internet research shows that Indians frequently inject words from Indian languages. Some of the more common examples are jungle or bungalow; others were introduced via the transmission of Indian culture, examples of which are mantra, karma, avatar and guru.

There're colloquial and slang words used in Indian English as well. Teenagers take an active part in modernizing the language. What younger generations devise may not be used or even understood by older English speakers in India. For example, youngsters use the expression hi-fi for cool or stylish.



Presenter: Thank you, Professor, for a very interesting talk. What would you like to say in conclusion? What is your - rnmm - final diagnosis? Professor: Indian English is changing and trying to be more universal and simpler. The shifts in modern Indian English are well explained by the famous local proverb "There's nothing noble in being superior to some other person. The true nobility is in being superior to your previous self'.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.) Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)

This is the end of the Listening test.



Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.


Ответы

Раздел 1.

Раздел 2.

Раздел 3. Грамматика

Аудирование

Чтение

и лексика

№ задания

Ответ

№ задания

Ответ

№ задания

Ответ

А1

2

А15

1

А22

3

А2

1

А16

3

А23

4

A3

3

А17

1

А24

3

А4

2

А18

2

А25

2

А5

2

А19

2

А26

2

А6

1

А20

3

А27

1

А7

3

А21

4

А28

2

А8

1













А9

1













А10

3













All

1













А12

3













А13

1













А14

2



















Аудирование

В1

251347

Чтение

В2

1468527

ВЗ

642153

Грамматика и лексика

В4

те

В5

wouldcome

В6

worst

В7

greatest

В8

wasbuilt

В9

began

В10

hasbecome

В11

population

В12

natural

В13

visitors

В14

seriously

В15

protection

В16

scientists





Смотрите также:
Инструкция по выполнению работы Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит из четырёх разделов, включающих в себя 46 заданий
234.16kb.
1 стр.
Инструкция по выполнению работы Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит из четырёх разделов, включающих 46 заданий
106.27kb.
1 стр.
Инструкция по выполнению работы На выполнение работы по обществознанию дается 3 часа (180 минут). Работа состоит из 3 частей, включающих 50 заданий
331.02kb.
1 стр.
Инструкция по выполнению работы Для выполнения экзаменационной работы по физике отводится 4 часа (240 минут). Работа состоит из 3 частей, включающих 35 заданий
485.26kb.
3 стр.
Инструкция по выполнению работы На выполнение экзаменационной работы по истории даётся 2,5 часа (150 минут). Работа состоит из 3 частей, включающих 39 заданий
243.82kb.
1 стр.
Инструкция по выполнению работы на выполнение экзаменационной работы по русскому языку дается 3 часа (180 минут). Работа состоит из 3 частей
344.24kb.
1 стр.
Инструкция по выполнению работы. На выполнение экзаменационной работы по русскому языку даётся 3 часа (180 минут). Работа состоит из 3 частей
191.66kb.
1 стр.
Инструкция по выполнению работы На выполнение экзаменационной работы по русскому языку дается 3,5 часа (210 минут). Работа состоит из 3 частей
168.14kb.
1 стр.
Инструкция по выполнению работы На выполнение репетиционной работы по истории дается 2 часа (120 минут). Работа состоит из 3 частей, содержащих 30 заданий
86.02kb.
1 стр.
Инструкция по выполнению работы На выполнение экзаменационной работы по математике дается 4 часа (240 мин). Работа состоит из двух частей и содержит 18 заданий
53.16kb.
1 стр.
Инструкция по выполнению работы На выполнение экзаменационной работы по русскому языку даётся 90 минут. Работа состоит из 3-х частей
165.23kb.
1 стр.
Инструкция по выполнению работы На выполнение экзаменационной работы по русскому языку даётся 90 минут. Работа состоит из 3-х частей
101.52kb.
1 стр.