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ФАКУЛЬТЕТ НАЧАЛЬНОГО И СПЕЦИАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

Направление подготовки 050100 Педагогическое образование

Профиль подготовки Начальное образование
Контрольная работа по иностранному языку (английскому)

для заочного отделения

Методические рекомендации по выполнению контрольных заданий и оформлению контрольных работ:




  1. Все задания контрольной работы выполняются поочередно, в той последовательности, в которой они представлены в работе.

  2. Письменные контрольные задания оформляются в отдельной тетради. На обложке тетради проставляется фамилия студента, номер контрольной работы.

  3. Контрольная работа должна быть выполнена чернилами, аккуратно, четким почерком. В тетради для замечаний, объяснений и методических указаний преподавателя необходимо оставить широкие поля.

  4. В конце работы должна быть поставлена подпись студента и дата выполнения задания.

  5. Материал контрольных заданий следует располагать по следующему образцу:

левая страница

правая страница

Поля Английский текст

Русский текст Поля



  1. Для проверки и рецензирования выполненную контрольную работу необходимо направить в университет в установленные сроки.

  2. Если контрольная работа выполнена без соблюдения указаний и неполностью, она возвращается студенту без проверки.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ КОНТРОЛЬНЫХ РАБОТ

1. Прочитайте текст. Письменно переведите данный текст, пользуясь словарём.

2. Письменно ответьте по-английски на вопросы, следующие за текстом.

3. Выпишите из текста имена существительные в форме единственного числа и поставьте их в форму множественного числа.

Например: a girl – girls;

a country – countries.



4. Выпишите из текста предложные конструкции с предлогом of и переведите их на русский язык. Замените имена существительные с предлогом of существительными в притяжательном падеже.

Например: the new manager of the company = the company’s new manager.

5. Выпишите из текста прилагательные и наречия, переведите их на русский язык и образуйте степени сравнения.

Например: hot – hotter – the hottest (жаркий);

attentively – more attentively – most attentively (внимательно).



6. Выпишите из текста наречия, переведите их, определите к какой группе они относятся (наречия места, времени, меры и степени, образа действия).

Например: He speaks English well (наречие образа действия). – Он хорошо говорит по-английски.

7. Найдите в тексте и переведите на русский язык предложения, в которых употреблены местоимения. Укажите, к каким группам они относятся (личные, притяжательные, указательные, возвратные, неопределённые, относительные, вопросительные).

Например: We (личное в им. п.) often meet them (личное в объектн. п.) here.

8. Выпишите из текста все неправильные глаголы, запишите их основные формы и переведите на русский язык.

Например: come – came – come (приходить);

cut – cut – cut (резать).



9. Выпишите из текста предложения, в которых глагол стоит в Present, Past или Future Indefinite. Напишите эти предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах.

Например: He usually drinks coffee in the morning. – He usually doesn’t drink coffee in the morning. – Does he usually drink coffee in the morning?

She came yesterday. – She didn’t come yesterday. – Did she come yesterday?

I shall call him tomorrow. – I shan’t call him tomorrow. – Shall I call him tomorrow?

10. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие оборот there + to be. Переведите их на русский язык.

Например: There are a lot of lakes in the mountainous part of the country. – В гористой части страны много озёр.

11. Выпишите из текста предложения с модальными глаголами. Переведите их на русский язык.

Например: I can play tennis. – Я умею (могу) играть в теннис.

12. Поставьте глагол-сказуемое следующего предложения He usually plays tennis well во все временные группы действительного залога. Произведите все необходимые изменения.

Например:

Indefinite: He usually drinks coffee in the morning. (Present)

He drank coffee in the morning yesterday. (Past)

He will drink coffee in the morning tomorrow. (Future)

Continuous: He is drinking coffee now. (Present)

He was drinking coffee at 9 a. m. yesterday. (Past)

He will be drinking coffee at 6 p. m. tomorrow. (Future)

Perfect: He has just drunk coffee. (Present)

He had drunk coffee by 9 a. m. (Past)

He will have drunk coffee by 6 p. m. (Future)

Perfect-Continuous: He has been drinking coffee since morning. (Present)

He had been drinking coffee since morning. (Past)

He will have been drinking coffee since morning.

(Future)



13. Поставьте глагол-сказуемое следующего предложения The new house is built in our street во все временные группы страдательного залога. Произведите все необходимые изменения.

Например:

Indefinite: The suit is usually made by a tailor. (Present)

The suit was made by a tailor yesterday. (Past)

The suit will be made by a tailor in a week. (Future)

Continuous: The suit is being made by a tailor at the moment. (Present)

The suit was being made by a tailor at 5 o’clock yesterday.

(Past)

Perfect: The suit has just been made by a tailor. (Present)

The suit had been made by a tailor before Christmas. (Past)

The suit will have been made by a tailor by the end of the month.

(Future)



14. Поставьте к предложению “She went to the cinema with her friends last week” все возможные виды вопросов.

Например: “The teacher read an interesting story to the students yesterday.”

Общий: Did the teacher read an interesting story to the students yesterday?

Специальные: When did the teacher read an interesting story to the students?

To whom did the teacher read an interesting story yesterday?

What did the teacher read to the students yesterday?

Which story did the teacher read to the students yesterday?

What did the teacher do yesterday?

Who read an interesting story to the students yesterday?



Альтернативные: Did the teacher or the doctor read an interesting story to the students yesterday?

Did the teacher read an interesting story to the students or to the pupils yesterday?



Разделительный: The teacher read an interesting story to the students yesterday, didn’t she?

15. Переведите следующие предложения, содержащие английскую страдательную конструкцию, на русский язык:

1. The delegation was headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs.

2. The children were brought up in the country.

3. The child is often left home alone.

4. He was educated in Oxford.

5. The situation is serious. Something must be done before it’s too late.

6. I haven’t received the letter. It might have been sent to the wrong address.

7. The doctor must be sent for.

8. Your parents are taken good care of.

9. The letter is being looked for.

10. He is often laughed at.

16. Преобразуйте следующие предложения из действительного залога в страдательный залог:

1. Somebody has cleaned the room.

2. Kate is using the computer at the moment.

3. He published the article last year.

4. They are building a new ring road round the city.

5. They have built a new hospital near the airport.

6. The grandmother read a fairy-tail to her grandson.

7. The teacher told an interesting story about Washington D. C. to the students.



Например: The sun attracts the planets. – The planets are attracted by the sun.


The American system of school education

The American system of school education differs from the systems in other countries. There are state public schools, private elementary schools and private secondary schools. Public schools are free and private schools are fee-paying. Each state its own has system of public schools.

Elementary education begins at the age of six or seven, when a child goes to the first grade (form). At the age of sixteen schoolchildren leave the elementary school and may continue their education at one of the secondary schools or high schools, as they call them. The programme of studies in the elementary school includes English, Arithmetic, Geography, History of the USA, Natural sciences and, besides, Physical Training, Singing, Drawing, wood or metal work, etc. Sometimes they learn a foreign language and general history.

Besides giving general education some high schools teach subjects useful to those who hope to find jobs in industry and agriculture or who want to enter colleges or universities. After graduating from secondary schools a growing number of Americans go on to higher education.

The students do not take the same courses. During the first two years they follow a basic programme. It means that every student must choose at least one course from each of the basic fields of study: English, Natural sciences, Modern languages, History or Physical education. After the first two years every student can select subjects according to his professional interest.

The National Government gives no direct financial aid to the institutions of higher education. Students must pay a tuition fee. This creates a financial hardship for some people. Many of the students have to work to pay their education.



Americans place a high value on education. That's why Kennedy said, "Our progress as a nation can be no swifter than our progress in education".


Education in the UK

All children and young people between the ages of 4 or 5 and 16 must receive full-time education. About 93 percent receive free education from public funds, the rest attend private fee-paying schools. The average pupil-teacher ratio for all schools is about 47 to 1.

The principal examination, at about the age of 16, is the General Certificate of Secondary Education. A mixture of the advanced level of the General Certificate of Education and advanced supplimentary level (giving opportunities for study in a wider range of subjects) may be taken at 18. It is the standard for entrance to higher education courses as well as many forms of professional training. About 2/5 of all young people get some form of post-school education. About 1/6 enter full-time higher education courses at the 47 universities, 31 polytechnics, 15 Scottish central institutions and other publicly funded colleges. Over 90 percent of students on full-time higher-education courses receive tuition and maintenance grants from public funds.

The public exams taken by British schoolchildren are GCSEs (the General Certificate of Secondary Education). They take them at 16. Some children take 3 or 4, others take as many as 10 or 11. Those who have passed GCSEs may remain at school for another 2 years and take their “A” (advanced) level exams. Any student who wants to go to university needs to pass at least 2 or 3 “A” levels.

Text 3

There are different kinds of educational institutions in Great Britain: universities, colleges (residential and non-residential), university extra-mural departments, and evening departments at colleges.

If you want to go to university, you usually apply during your last year at school, when you are 17-18. You can apply to study at any university in Britain and most people choose a university that is not in their own town. So, university students usually live away from home. Students get a grant or a loan from the government to study. At the beginning of your last year at school you receive an application form. On this form you choose up to five universities that you would like to go to. The form is sent to those universities with information from your school about you and your academic record. If the universities are interested in your application, they will ask you to attend an interview. If they are still interested after the interview, they will offer you a place.

Any offer, however, is only conditional at this stage. Applications and interviews take place several months before students do their A-level examinations. These are the exams that you do at the end of your time at school. So, when a university makes an offer, it will tell you the minimum grades that you will have to get when you do your A-level exams. If you don’t get those grades, then you will not be able to accept the place. It will be offered to someone else and you must apply again to another university.

You don’t have to accept your place immediately. Some students don’t want to go straight from school to university, so after they have taken their A-levels, they take a year out to work or travel.


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