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PLAN OF STUDIES FOR THE 1st TERM
and Northern Ireland», «London») 8
Правила чтения гласных букв в разных типах слогов
Правила чтения гласных в 4 типах слогов
Ex. 1. Прочтите слова, обращая внимание на тип слога:
blame, melt, be, had, five, my, run, bite, best, spoke, stock, hill, meet, cut, send, bed, style, side, plan, miss, bitter, typist, nut, use, us, plane, lake, lye, fat, biter, better, mist, six, style, tube, dust, lunch, space, bottle, rise, raze, symbol, mutton, vote, office, luck, bad, long, no, note, just, club, shelf, summer, subject, pencil.
Ex. 2. Прочтите слова, обращая внимание на чтение гласных в ударных открытых и закрытых слогах перед r:
star, pure, birch, hire, turn, short, severe, born, birth, lyre, care, prepare, torn, spare, parent, far, person, mere, merge, bar, cure, wire, admire, bare, shore, lord, north, bird, hurt, verse, tired, term, forty, hard, hare, rare, core, care, large, share, harm, spur, girl, dirty, satire, fork, charm, scare, morning, first, turtle, more, skirt.
Правила чтения сочетаний гласных
Правила чтения согласных
Let me introduce myself. My name is Elena Kosova. I’m Russian. I was born on July 1987 in a small Siberian town of Biysk, Altai Territory. My biography isn’t long. In May I finished school №5. I always did well at school and learned with great interest. I also took an active part in social life, attended sport sections and subject circles. My favourite subject was mathematics. Now I’m a first year student of the Biysk Pedagogical University. I study at the Department of Science and Geography.
I live with my parents (in a hostel). Our family is not large. I’ve got a father, a mother and a brother. We live in a block of flats in one of the industrial districts of Biysk.
My father’s full name is Alexander Sergeyevich. He is a skilled manual worker. He likes his work and spends a lot of time there. My father is a tall and well-built man with black hair and grey eyes. My father used to smoke but gave it up because of worries about his health.
My mother’s name is Anna. She is a pleasant-looking woman of about forty. She is a teacher of music. My mother is energetic and talkative. She has a lot of work to do about the house and I think she is a keen housewife. She takes fitness seriously and worries a lot about her weight and what she is eating. She watches TV programs on health.
My brother Peter is two years my senior. He is a student of the Philological faculty of the University. He is clever and hard-working person. He has got a girl-friend but he does not want to get married until he graduates from the University. My brother tries to earn some money and spends his spare time working in the local printing shop.
All of us like to spend our week-ends out of town. We often go to the village where our grandparents live. They are old-age pensioners now but prefer to live in the country. We also have got close and distant relatives. We all live in a friendly way.
A first year student- первокурсник to prefer- предпочитать
To take an active part- принимать активное участие to want- хотеть
Social life- общественная жизнь to think- думать
Sport sections- спортивные секции to live- жить
Subject circles- предметные кружки
A block of flats- многоэтажный дом
An industrial district- промышленный район
Skilled manual worker- квалифицированный рабочий
To spend-тратить, проводить
A well-built man- хорошо сложенный мужчина
Used to smoke- когда-то курил
Because of worries about his health- т.к. беспокоился о своем здоровье
A pleasant looking woman- приятная женщина
Energetic and talkative- энергичная и разговорчивая
To have a lot of work to do about the house- иметь много работы по дому
A keen housewife- прекрасная домохозяйка
To take fitness seriously- относиться серьезно к своей спортивной форме
To worry a lot about weight and eating- думать о своем весе и диете
To watch TV programs on health- смотреть телевизионные программы о здоровье
Two years senior to me- на два года меня старше
A hard-working person- трудолюбивый человек
To get married- жениться
To graduate from the university- закончить университет
To earn money- зарабатывать деньги
Spare time- свободное время
A local printing shop- местный печатный цех
Out of town- за городом
Old-age pensioners-пенсионеры по возрасту
and Northern Ireland», «Political system of Great Britain», «London»)
TEXT 1. GREAT BRITAIN
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (or the UK) is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The UK covers the British Isles which is the geographical name of all the islands situated off the northwest coast of the European Continent. They consist of Great Britain, Ireland and of about five thousand small islands. The North Sea, the Strait of Dover and the English Channel separate Great Britain from the continent. It is washed on the west coast by the Atlantic Ocean and by the Irish Sea.
The mountains in Great Britain are not very high, the highest mountain is Ben Nevis in Scotland. The main rivers in Britain are the Thames, the Mersey, the Severn and others, but none of them are very long.
The climate of Great Britain is mild. The Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of the Gulf Stream influence the weather on the British Isles. The summers are cool and rainy; the winters are not very cold..,
Great Britain is a highly developed industrial country. One of the leading industries in Great Britain is the textile industry. Coal, iron and steel as well as various machines are also produced there. Shipbuilding and motor industry are highly developed too.
There are many big industrial cities in Britain, such as Birmingham and, Sheffield (with big iron and steel works), Manchester and Liverpool (the biggest centers of textile industry), Cardiff and others. London, the capital city of the UK, is one of the biggest commercial centers and ports of the world. It is also an important political, cultural and educational centre. Other education centers in Great Britain are Oxford and Cambridge with the world famous oldest Universities, and also Edinburgh and Sheffield.
The total population of Great Britain today is about 59 million people. The official language of the country is English, though in Wales people speak Welsh which is different from English, while the Scottish dialect differs little from English. There are many other languages spoken in Britain as it has become now a multinational state.
The United Kingdom is made up of, the United Kingdom covers the British Isles, the North Sea, the Straight of Dover, the English Channel, the United Kingdom is washed on the west coast by, coal, iron and steel, multinational state.
2. Choose the sentence that is not from the text.
1. The mountains in Great Britain are not very high.
2. The climate of Great Britain is mild.
3. The Mississippi is one of the world's great continental rivers.
4. Great Britain is a highly developed industrial country.
1. The United Kingdom is washed on the west coast by the Atlantic Ocean and by the Irish Sea.
2. The mountains in Great Britain are not very high.
3. The climate of Great Britain is mild.
4. Great Britain is a highly developed industrial country.
5. London is an important political, industrial and educational centre.
6. The official language of the country is English.
1. Are mountains high in Great Britain?
2. What are the main rivers in Great Britain?
3. Is the climate of Great Britain mild?
4. What influences the weather on the British Isles?
5. What is one of the leading industries in Great Britain?
5. Listen to the extract and choose the correct answer to the question.
1.Which of the cities is one of the biggest commercial centres and ports of the world?
6. Listen to the text. Arrange the plan.
1. Great Britain is a multinational state,
2. The climate of Great Britain.
3. Big industrial cities in Britain.
4. Mountains and rivers in Great Britain.
5. The United Kingdom is made up of 4 parts.
TEXT 2. POLITICAL SYSTEM OF GREAT BRITAIN
The United Kingdom is a constitution monarchy. This means that it has a monarch (a king or a queen) as its Head of State. The present British monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who succeeded to the throne in 1952. The monarch has very little power and can only reign with the support of Parliament, which consists of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Parliament and the monarch have different roles in the government of the country. In reality, the House of Commons is the only one that has true power, it introduces new bills. They then go to the House of Lords for approval, and finally the monarch signs them. Only then they can become laws.'
The House of Commons is made up of 650 elected members, known as Members of Parliament (or MPs), each of; whom represents an area of the UK. The political parties choose candidates in elections. The party which wins the majority of seats in the House of Commons forms the Government and its leader usually becomes Prime .Minister. The largest minority party becomes the Opposition (or the "Shadow Cabinet"). The Prime Minister chooses about twenty MPs from his or her party and forms his or her Cabinet Ministers. Each minister is responsible for a particular area of government. For example, the Minister of Defence is responsible for defence policy and the armed forces, the Home Secretary for law and order and immigration.
The House of Lords consists of more than 1,000 hereditary lords and peers. It has very little power.
The two main political parties in Great Britain are the Conservative and the Labour party. Now the Conservative party is in power. The Conservatives have been in power since the 1970s and its main opponent, the Labour party, has formed the Shadow Cabinet. At present John Major, the leader of the Conservative party, is Britain's Prime Minister.
Among other political parties there is the Liberal party and the Social-Democratic party.
1. Listen to the key words and say what the text is about
Constitutional monarchy, queen, parliament, House of Commons.. House of Lords, new bills, Member of Parliament, political parties, candidates in elections, government, Prime Minister, opposition
2. Listen to the word combinations. Translate them into Russian.
Constitutional monarchy, Head of state, succeed to the throne, the house of Commons, the House of Lords, to have true power, members of parliament, the majority of seats, the minority party, the Minister of Defence, defence policy, to have little power, the Labour party, the Conservative party.
3. Choose the sentence that is not from the text.
The United Kingdom has a monarch as its Head of State.
The main task of Congress is to make laws.
Parliament consists of the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
The two main political parties in Great Britain are the Conservative and the Labour parties.
1. The monarch can only reign with the support of Parliament.
2. The House of Commons introduces new bills.
3. The House of Commons is made up of650 elected members.
4. The party which wins the majority of seats in the House of Commons fomis the Government.
5. The largest minority party becomes opposition.
6. Each minister is responsible for a particular area of government.
7. The House of Lords has very little power.
TEXT 3. LONDON
London is the capital and the largest city of the United Kingdom, standing on the river Thames. Its population is about eight and a half million.
London is Great Britain's biggest manufacturing centre and the country's main banking and financial centre. London is also one of the largest ports in the United Kingdom. It is linked with all parts of the country by roads and railways.
London is a great educational and cultural centre. The University of London with 14 colleges has more than 76,000 students. The British Library houses one of the finest collections in the world. Museums and galleries are world known too, among them the British Museum, the National Gallery, the Tate Gallery, and the Victoria and Albert Museum. The city's main concert halls are Covent Garden and the Modern Royal Festival Hall.
London is a multinational city, with a large immigrant population from Britain's former colonies especially from South Asia and the West Indies.
In fact, there are several Londons. There is the City of London, which is the oldest part of London. It is the country's financial and business centre. There is the Bank of England, the Stock Exchange, the Mansion House (the official residence Of the City's Lord Mayor), and many other important landmarks.
The West End is the name given to the area of central London which includes Trafalgar Square, the main shopping areas of Oxford Street, Regent Street and Bond Street, and the entertainment centres of Soho, Piccadilly Circus and Leicester Square. Many government buildings, including 10 Downing Street (the residence of the British Prime Minister), are nearby. There is also Buckingham Palace, the Queen's residence.
The East End covers a wide area to the east of the City, which is quite different from the other parts of London. There are many warehouses and factories producing clothes in the East End. It is also one of those areas of London where working class people live. The East End markets are famous throughout the world for all kinds of goods. Traditionally someone born in the East End is known as a cockney.
London has a few famous parks: Hyde Park with its Speakers' Corner, St. James' Park, Regent Park with its wonderful Zoo and others.
1. Listen to the word combinations and say what the text is about
Capital, the United Kingdom, manufacturing centre, the largest port, banking and financial centre, educational and cultural centre.
2. Translate the word combinations into Russian:
University of London, the British Library, museums and galleries, the City, the West End, the East End, Trafalgar Square, warehouses and factories, Hyde Park.
3. Choose the sentence which is not from the text.
1. London is Great Britain's biggest manufacturing centre.
2. The University of Oxford may be said to date from 1214.
3. The British Library houses one of the finest collections in the world.
4. There is the City of London which is the oldest part of London.
1. London is linked with all parts of the country by roads and railways.
2. The University of London has more than 76,000 students.
3. The City is the country's financial and business centre.
4. The East End covers a wide area to the east of the City.
1. What is the name given to the area of central London?
2. What does the area of central London include?
3. Where is the residence of the British Prime Minister?
4. Where is the Queen s residence
1. Is London a great educational centre and cultural centre?
2. How many students study in 14 colleges of the University of London?
3. What are the world known museums and galleries?
7. Listen to the extract and choose the correct answer to the question.
1. Why is the East End different from the other parts of London?
a) There are many warehouses and factories producing clothes in the East End.
b) Many governmental buildings are nearby Where is the Queen's residence?
TOPIC 1 – GREETING
Greeting people in a foreign language is not so simple as it may seem. There are many ways of saying “Hello” in English and the difficulty is to choose the right time. You would always say “Hello” to a friend.
If you want to inquire after a person’s health you merely ask, “How are you?” (but not “How do you do” which is used when people are introduced to each other). The answer might be, “Very well, thank you”, or perhaps, “Thank you, not so well”, or any other conversational formulas.
Of course, there are other ways of greeting a person. For instance, on coming to see or meeting people you know you might say “Good afternoon” or, perhaps, “Good morning”, or “Good evening”, but not “Good day”, which is quite dismissal.
In different countries the rules of greeting are different, sometimes very unusual. Most of the nationalities just shake hands and say “Hello”. In Afghanistan people say “Hello” for at least five minutes. In Thailand they clasp hands together and bow, when greeting someone. At a formal meeting people immediately exchange their business cards. You should remember that if you give people a pleasant impression when you first meet them it is easier to deal with them further. Always try to smile to people, call them by name, be friendly and helpful. Never forget that we don’t have a second chance for the first impression.
I. Translate the dialogues.
Правила чтения гласных букв в разных типах слогов буквы I тип II тип III тип IV тип a [ei] n a me
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