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Конспект учебного занятия по дисциплине «Английский язык»

для студентов 2 курса специальностей 230105.51, 080107.52 , 080504.51 080114.51

по теме «Обычаи и традиции Великобритании»
Цели:

1. Формирование знания обычаев и традиций Великобритании.

2. Развитие навыков чтения с различной степенью охвата содержания, развитие навыков восприятия английской речи на слух, развитие навыков говорения и письма.

3. Формирование уважения к традициям и обычаям Великобритании.



План учебного занятия:

  • Определить тему занятия.

  • Прочитать текст по теме «Праздники Великобритании» и выполнить к нему задания.

  • Прослушать информацию о фестивалях в Великобритании и заполнить таблицу.

  • Рассказать о фестивалях в Великобритании.

  • Прочитать информацию о суевериях в Великобритании и обсудить их.

  • Работать в группах: каждая группа читает свой текст и отвечает на вопросы к нему, остальные обучающиеся внимательно слушают ответы на вопросы и запоминают полученную информацию.

  • Закрепить полученные знания по заданиям слайд-шоу.

  • Проверить полученные знания, ответив на вопросы теста по теме.

Ход учебного занятия:

1 Read the text and chose the most suitable heading for it:

  1. «The Briton’s way of life»

  2. «Afternoon tea»

  3. «A day in the queen’s life»

  4. «The most popular holidays in Great Britain»

2 Answer the question: How many holidays are mentioned in the text?

  1. 5

  2. 9

  3. 8

  4. 7

3 Are the sentences below true or false?

  1. The most popular holiday in Britain is New Year’s Day.

  2. The Christmas tree in London is from one of the Northern countries.

  3. A traditional Christmas meal is chicken.

  4. On Christmas members of the family meet together.

  5. The New Year’s Day is very popular in Scotland.

  6. The New Year’s Day in Scotland is called Halloween.

  7. On the 5th of November Britons have Bank Holiday.

  8. Bank Holidays are called so because all the Britons go to the banks and get money.

There are fewer public holidays in Great Britain than in other European countries. They are: Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Year's Day, Good 'Friday, Easter Monday, May Day, Spring Bank Holiday and Summer Bank Holiday. Public holidays in Britain are called bank holidays, because the banks as well as most of the offices and shops are closed.

The most popular holiday is Christmas. Every year the people of Norway give the city of London a present. It's a big Christmas tree and it stands in Trafalgar Square. Central streets are beautifully decorated.

Before Christmas, groups of singers go from house to house. They collect money for charity and sing carols, traditional Christmas songs. Many churches hold a carol service on the Sunday before Christmas.

The fun starts the night before, on the 24th of December. Traditionally this is the day when people decorate their trees. Children hang stockings at the end of their beds, hoping that Father Christmas will come down the chimney during the night and fill them with toys and sweets.

Christmas is a family holiday. Relatives usually meet for the big Christmas dinner of turkey and Christmas pudding. And everyone gives and receives presents. The 26th of December, Boxing Day, is an extra holiday after Christmas Day. This is the time to visit friends and relatives or perhaps sit at home and watch football.

New Year's Day is less popular in Britain than Christmas. But in Scotland, Hogmanay is the biggest festival of the year.

Besides public holidays there are some special festivals in Great Britain. One of them takes place on the 5th of November. On that day, in 1605, Guy Fawkes tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament and kill King James I. He didn't succeed. The King's men found the bomb, took Guy Fawkes to the Tower and cut off his head.

Since that day the British celebrate the 5th of November. They burn a dummy, made of straw and old clothes, on a bonfire and let off fireworks. This dummy is called a "guy" (like Guy Fawkes) and children can often be seen in the streets before the 5th of November saying, "Penny for the guy." If they collect enough money they can buy some fireworks.

There are also smaller, local festivals in Britain.


Answer the questions:

  1. Were does the Christmas tree stand in London?

  2. What do children usually hang at the end of their beds on Christmas?

  3. How does Father Christmas get into a house?

  4. What does he usually put into stockings?

  5. What did Guy Fawkes try to do on the 5th of November in 1605?

  6. What did the King’s men do with Guy Fawkes?

  7. How do people in Britain celebrate the 5th of November?


4 Listen to the information about some extra festivals in Great Britain and fill in the table

The name of the Festival

The place

Month

What we can see

The Oxford and Cambridge University Boat Race

At the Royal Hospital in London







The Grand National

In Kenilworth, Warwickshire







The Chelsea Flower Show

Between Putney and Mortlake In London







The Henley Royal Regatta

At Aitry, Liverpool







The Royal Show

In London







The Notting Hill Carnival

On the river Thams








5 Tell about the festivals using the information from the table and the following phrases:

….. takes place in (month), in (at) (place)



We can see …… there.

6 Read and translate the information about superstitions (суеверия) in Great Britain

  1. Black cats are lucky.

  2. Clover (клевер) is a small plant. Usually it has three leaves, but a few have four. A clover with four leaves brings good luck.

  3. A horseshoe (подкова) over the door of a new home brings good luck. But the horseshoe must be the right way up. The luck runs out if it is upside down (вверх ногами).

  4. It is good luck to see two magpies (сороки).

  5. Catch falling leaves in autumn and you will have good luck. Every leaf means a lucky month in the next year.


Bad luck


  1. Never open an umbrella (зонтик) in the house.

  2. Never break a mirror – that means seven years of bad luck.

  3. It’s bad luck to see just one magpie. If you see two magpies, you will be happy. If a woman sees three she will have a baby girl; if four she will have a baby boy. The traditional poem is:

One for sorrow,

Tow for joy,

Three for a girl,

Four for a boy.

  1. Don’t walk under a ladder (лестница).

  2. Don’t walk past somebody on the stairs (ступеньки).

  3. The number 13 is very unlucky (and Friday the 13th is a very unlucky date).


7 Use the phrases: This superstition is similar… (это суеверие похоже…, this superstition differs from (это суеверие отличается от…)ours

mike & frank: Yeah. We're going to win! We're going to win!

8 Work in groups and read and translate the texts about some traditions in Great Britain. Then answer the questions, the groups which didn’t read about the curtain information, listen the answers carefully and try to fix the information in mind.

9 Look at the screen and do the tasks.

10 Check up your knowledge of customs and traditions of Great Britain.


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