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Методическая разработка

открытого урока в 6-ом классе по теме

welcome to london”



Учитель Соловей Людмила Васильевна

Цели и задачи урока:

  1. обучающая цель: обобщить лингвострановедческий материал по теме “London”, отработать фонетические навыки;

  2. развивающая цель: совершенствовать навыки связной речи, развивать мышление, память, стимулировать самостоятельность учащихся, формировать познавательный интерес учащихся к предмету;

  3. воспитательная цель: прививать интерес к культуре, традициям, достопримечательностям Лондона, формировать уважительное отношение к иной культуре, традициям и обычаям другой культуры, воспитывать умение работать в коллективе, в группе, в паре.

Организация урока:

1. На доске:

  • девиз урока “It’s better to see something once than to hear about it a hundred times”;

  • карта Соединённого Королевства Великобритании и Северной Ирландии;

  • тематические картинки и фотографии с видами Лондона;

  • ключевые слова по теме.

2. Флаг Великобритании

3. Альбом на английском языке “All London”

4. Карточки с пословицами, кроссворд по теме «London”

5. Диск с презентацией достопримечательностей Лондона, мультимедийное оборудование, компьютеры

6. Электронная запись песни «London Bridge is falling down”

7. Магнитофонная запись песни “Jingle, bells!”

8. Электронная версия тесте по теме “How well do you know London?”
ХОД УРОКА
T: Today we’ll continue to speak about London. Look at the map. London is the capital of Great Britain and the United Kingdom. This is the flag of the UK. At your Geography lesson you’ll also speak about this country? But today we’ll travel to the most famous sights of London. You should be very attentive today and at the end of our lesson you will have a test “How well do you know London?”

1) But first we must train our tongues. As you know, each country has its own proverbs. The proverb is wisdom which goes from generation to generation.

- What role do the proverbs play in our language?



P: Proverbs make language more beautiful, more alive.

T: Good for you. On the table you can see cards with the English proverbs. Please, find the other half of the English proverbs. You have 1 minute. After that I’ll say Russian equivalent of these proverbs and you show me the cards with this proverb.

An Englishman’s houseis best.

East or West homelike home.

There is no placeis his castle.

Учитель произносит пословицу по-русски, все дети показывают карточки с этой пословицей и кто-то из детей читает.

T: Now we can look at these proverbs on the board and let’s read these sentences together. Listen and repeat after me! (читаем хором) Ok! That’s right.

Let’s read the motto of our lesson “It’s better to see something once then to hear about it a hundred times”. Please, give a Russian proverb to these words. («Лучше один раз увидеть, чем сто раз услышать») That’s why today at the lesson we’ll try to do so.


2) But first of all let’s name the main London’s sights.

Учащиеся читают названия достопримечательностей на доске и затем называют картинки с видами Лондона.

Westminster

Whitehall

Trafalgar Square

Downing Street, 10

Big Ben

Westminster Bridge



Westminster Abbey

Poets’ Corner

Buckingham Palace

The House of Parliament

The Tower

St. Paul’s Cathedral

The National Gallery
3) Now I’ll say the beginning of the sentences and I want you to continue them:

1. Oxford Street is London’s main shopping centre.

2. The largest park in London is Hyde Park.

3. The heart of London is the City.

4. The Tower of London was a fortress, a palace, a prison and the King’s Zoo. Now it is a museum.

5. William the Conqueror built it in the 11th century.

6. Trafalgar Square is in the centre of London. In the middle of the square stands a tall column. It is a monument to Admiral Nelson.

7. The political centre of London is Westminster.

8. You can hear the sound of Big Ben every hour in London.

9. Westminster Abbey is famous for its Poets’ Corner.

10. The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace.

11. St. Paul’s Cathedral is one of the oldest churches in London.


4) Answer the questions.

1. What is the political centre of London?

2. Where does the British Prime Minister live?

3. Who is the British Prime Minister now?

4. What is Whitehall?

5. What is Westminster Abbey? How old is it? What is it famous for?

6. What is Big Ben?

7. Where does the Queen of England live?

8. Which monument is in front of Buckingham Palace?

9. How many people live in London?

10. What river is London situated on?

11. Who built St. Paul’s Cathedral? How long did it take him to build this beautiful building with many columns and towers?


Now you are welcome to London

P1: As you know, London stands on the river Thames. London, the capital of Great Britain, is a very old city. It is 2 thousand years old. Many years ago London was a small town on the Thames. Now London is a big port and a beautiful city with large squares and parks. It is a centre for business and for tourism. About 7 million people live here. There are about 10 thousand streets in London. Most of the streets ate not very wide. You can see many shops in London. Oxford Street is London’s main shopping centre.

P2: And now we start our tour from Tower Bridge. Tower Bridge is the only Thames bridge which can be raised… The road over the bridge is built on two central sections, they open 2 or 3 times a week.

T: Let’s sing the song “Tower Bridge is falling down”.

P3: The Tower of London is a very old building. It is 9 hundred years old. In the early days of the history of England the English kings lived here. Then it was a prison where many people dies. Now it is a museum. You can see a lot of interesting things in the rooms of the White Tower. There are always black ravens in the Tower of London. People keep them in the Tower of London and Look after them very well as they believe that London will be rich while ravens live there.

P4: Now you can see Snt. Paul’s Cathedral. One of the greatest English churches, Snt. Paul’s Cathedral isn’t far from the Tower of London. The famous English architect Sir Christopher Wren built it in the 17th century after the Great Fire. It took Sir Christopher Wren 35 years. It is a beautiful building with many columns and towers.

P5: Trafalgar Square is in the centre of London. In the middle of the square stands a tall column. It is a monument to Admiral Nelson. Four bronze lions look at the square from the monument.

P6: The large clock in one of the towers is Big Ben. Big Ben is the name of the clock and the Bell in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament. You can hear the sound of Big Ben every hour in London. The clock and the bell got their names after Sir Benjamin Hall. He was a tall man, whose nickname was Big Ben. So people know the clock as Big Ben.

P7: The Thames is behind the Houses of Parliament, and the bridge across it is Westminster Bridge.

On the other side of Parliament Square is Westminster Abbey. It is one of the most famous and beautiful churches in London. It is very old too. It is more than 9 hundred years old. There are so many monuments and statues there. Many English kings and queens are buried there. Westminster Abbey is famous for its Poets’ Corner too. Many great writers are buried there.



P8: Now we are at Buckingham Palace which is the official London residence of her Majesty the Queen and is one of the best known symbols of the British monarchy.

In some ways the Palace resembles a small town. It has a police station, 2 post offices, a hospital, a bar, 2 sports clubs, a disco, a cinema and a swimming pool. There’re 600 rooms and 3 miles of red carpet. On great occasions it takes 3 days to lay the table and 3 days to do the washing up.

The Queen Victoria Memorial is in front of the Palace.

P9: The largest park in London is Hyde Park. It is one of the most popular places of Londoners on hot summer days.
6. Now you are to complete the crossword. It’s connected with Great Britain, with London, with Britain’s traditions.
7. I think that you’ve known more about London. Now we can make the test “How well do you know London?”
8. What date is it today?


  1. What holiday do English people celebrate on the 25th of December?

  2. Do Russians celebrate this holiday? When do they celebrate it?

  3. Whose birthday is celebrated on Christmas?

  4. What country gave us the tradition to decorate the Christmas tree?

  5. Who introduced the tradition to decorate the Christmas tree in Russia?

  6. Where does the most famous Christmas tree stand in London? Whose present is it?

  7. What do they call Father Frost in the west? Where does he live?

  8. What does Santa Claus look like?

  9. How does Santa Claus travel?

  10. What are the traditional Christmas colors?

  11. How does Santa Claus enter houses to give children Christmas presents and where does he put them? (Climbing down the chimney. He puts presents in long socks called “Christmas stockings” at the end of the children’s bed or by the chimney.

  12. Why do little children sometimes write letters to Santa Claus? (To tell him what presents they would like to have for Christmas)

  13. When did the custom of sending Christmas Cards to friends, colleagues and relatives appear? (in the 19th century)

  14. What is the traditional Christmas food?

Have you ever heard about Christmas carols? They are religious songs sung at Christmas. At Christmas time groups of people sing carols, both indoors and outdoors. They usually collect money for homeless and poor people.








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